Hooldajate juhend

Practical advice to help caregivers with the day-to-day challenges of caring for a heart patient

We understand. At a moment’s notice, you joined millions of Americans filling the role of caregiver for a parent, a spouse, or a close relative. Caregiving is an increasingly common experience in middle and older adults that cuts across demographic groups. For those caring for a heart patient, providing support can seem like a part-time job that could be required for six months or more during recovery from a heart attack or stroke or more for heart failure patients. Capital Kardioloogia Associates, you can count on our team of physicians and providers to provide the highest quality of care for your loved one. We understand the challenges that caregivers experience at home. To help, we have compiled this collection of advice, ressursside, and tips on how to take care of your loved one with heart problems.

Life after a heart attack

There is a common misconception that a heart attack is a singular event. About one in five people who have had a heart attack will have a second one within five years. Ameerika Südameassotsiatsiooni andmetel, igal aastal, there are about 335,000 recurrent heart attacks in the United States. It’s vital for family and friends to identify the warning signs associated with heart trouble — valu rinnus, õhupuudus, difficulty breathing, and leg swellingare all abnormal after a heart attack. If you observe these symptoms, get medical attentional immediately.

See ei ole sugugi haruldane patsientidel kirjeldada oma südameinfarkt kui “life-changer. For many heart attack survivors, nende südameatakk küsitakse suur elustiili muutused. dr. Robert Benton, a board-certified cardiologist at Capital Cardiology, points out that during these first few days or weeks after a heart attack, see kriitiline olla hooldaja patsiendi. “Family members need to understand what this person is going through because some people have never been sick in their lives, nad pole kunagi olnud arsti või haiglasse ravile, ja äkki, it’s a big game-changer. Olete läinud võtmata ravimeid võttes viie erineva retseptide. Beforehand you ate everything you wanted, and now you are limited. Sa olid suitsetamise; sa ei ole. You didn’t exercise, sa oled. You haven’t taken any time off from work to take care of yourself; we teach you to have to put things into priority.

Grandfather with family

Südame võõrutusravi on üks mitmest etapist vaja leppida elu pärast infarkti. After your hospital visit, you will meet with your cardiologist to begin, “something called cardiac rehabilitation, which we recommend to all heart attack patients,” ütles dr. Painutatud. Südamehaigetele nõustuda, et nad on nüüd töösuhteid oma kardioloog, mis algab regulaarne visiitide. “See on umbes kaks kuni kolm korda nädalas umbes kuus nädalat. Sul teha harjutusi ja õppida dieedi ja stressi juhtimine. Need on asjad, mis me, meditsiiniasutused, pakkuda.” At home, your loved one will rely on you to help them get exercise, eat healthier, manage their stress, take their medications, and make any lifestyle changes their doctor recommends.

Life after stroke

Vastavalt Centers for Disease Control ja ennetamine (CDC), every year, rohkem kui 795,000 people in the United States have a stroke. Of those cases, umbes 140,000 Americans are killed by stroke each year — that’s 1 välja iga 20 surmad. For survivors, there is also a 23% chance of a second stroke. What makes stroke unique from a heart attack is that it is an event that interrupts blood flow to the brain or when an artery in the brain leaks blood or ruptures. Caregivers need to be aware of warning signs that show you a stroke is happening. The timepiece of identifying stroke is so important because the longer that part of the brain goes without blood and oxygen supply, hullem tulemus on.

While the risk of stroke is often included with heart attack prevention, stroke affects your brain, which brings a different set of recovery needs. dr. Alan Boulos is Chair of the Department of Neurosurgery, Director of the Neurovascular Section, and Associate Professor of Neurosurgery and Radiology at Albany Medical Center. He explained how a stroke damages the brain. “The brain is a complicated electrical organ/system. If the connections can be re-established, if other parts of the brain can take over function, then we can see patients recover their abilities despite their being an area of the brain that was damaged.It is encouraging that recovery from a stroke event is possible; this involves dedication to rehabilitation and time. Change occurs very slowly, up to two years in some cases. kahjuks, due to the severity of the stroke, there may debilitating or life-altering injury.

Living with heart failure

Rohkem kui 200,000 USA juhtudel südamepuudulikkuse diagnoositakse aastas, tüüpprobleemidega patsientidel vanuses 41-60, ja eespool nimetatutele 60 aastat vana. Enamik neist inimestest on mehed. Kuid, naistel on suurem tõenäosus surra südamepuudulikkuse, kui tingimus läheb töötlemata. mõiste “südamepuudulikkus” makes it sound like the heart is no longer working at all, and there’s nothing that can be done. tegelikult, südamepuudulikkuse on termin, millega kirjeldatakse süda, mis ei ole kursis oma töökoormust. “Üks küsimus, mida ma saan patsientidele on, "Kas südamepuudulikkus sama südamepuudulikkuse?’ jah, see on,” Jagatud Dr. Painutatud.

Heart failure leads to congestive heart failure, which brings an increased danger of heart attack. Kuna südamepuudulikkus on kõige sagedamini krooniline haigus, Teie sümptomid on tõenäoliselt aina hullemaks. Kuna südamepuudulikkus on pikaajaline haigus, igapäevast tegevust nagu kõndimine trepist üles, kes toidukaubad, või isegi jalgsi oma auto koju saab, üle aja, muutunud probleemiks. “The situation could have to do more with being overweight or out of shape, it could be the coronary arteries — if there is a blockage it can cause a lack of blood flow, starving the heart from oxygen and that cause much bigger problems,” Ühendriigid Dr. Painutatud.

There are many different treatment options depending on your loved one’s overall health and how far their condition has progressed. “We can treat certain types with medicines like a water pill (diureetikum); olemas ravimid (ACE inhibiitorid ja beetablokaatoreid) et abi verevoolu või madalamaid rõhkusid südames, helping the heart muscle function more efficiently,” kindlaksmääratud Dr. Painutatud. On ka kirurgilised. A balloon angioplasty is a non-surgical procedure where a balloon is inflated inside the narrowed aorta to expand the blood vessel. Your cardiologist may also suggest a coronary stent (toru) placed in the coronary arteries that supply the heart, hoida arterite avatud ravis südame isheemiatõbi. Interventional cardiologists can place a mitral clip, a procedure to cinch a very leaky heart valve. For heart failure patients that have developed heart valve disease, a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement (TAVR) is a minimally invasive surgical procedure. This option repairs the valve without removing the old, kahjustatud klapp. Selle asemel, see kiilub asendusklapi aordiklapi kohale.

Heart-healthy eating

Diet is the cornerstone for every heart patient as it is the one area of health that all patients can follow. Your healthcare provider will prescribe a diet low in saturated fat and salt. They will insist on incorporating a variety of fruits and vegetables, täistera, lean meats, fish, and low-fat dairy products into everyday meals. There are two diets that are recommended by the American College of Cardiology, Ameerika Südameassotsiatsioon, and the healthcare community: the DASH diet and the Mediterranian Diet.

DASH stands for Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension. The DASH eating plan has been proven to lower blood pressure in just 14 päeva, even without lowering sodium intake. The DASH diet can help lower cholesterol, and with weight loss and exercise, can reduce insulin resistance and reduce the risk of developing diabetes. The DASH eating plan includes whole grains, poultry, fish, and nuts, and has low amounts of fats, red meats, maiustusi, and sugared beverages. It is also high in potassium, kaltsium, and magnesium, as well as protein and fiber. Eating foods lower in salt and sodium also can reduce blood pressure.

Suurem osa Vahemere dieedi toidukorrast koosneb värsketest puu- ja köögiviljadest. A sample-day meal menu consists of: hommikusöögiks kõrvitsa-piparkoogi smuuti, Makaronid piimaga (Macaroni oil-Hali) lõunaks, ja Forell närbunud rohelistega õhtusöögiks. Teie soovitatud suupisted päeva jooksul: Mango-pirni smuuti, kašupähklid ja rosinad, madala rasvasisaldusega ricotta juust virsikutega, hummus, ning seemnete ja pähklite suupistebatoonid. Dieet soovitab ka õhtul koos söögiga neli untsi punast veini. Red wine contains flavonoids, which help reduce your risk of developing cardiovascular disease.


See on tõesti ei ole nii raske, et mahtuda fitness. Iga kord, kui püsti ja tee midagi, te võtate samm õiges suunas. Südamehaigetele, thinking of exercise as another medication that will betakendaily will have many positive health benefits. Keep in mind, thebestform of aerobic exercise is the one that keeps you motivated, and the one you will continue to complete every day.

The American Heart Association encourages all adults to seek 30-minutes of daily activity or exercise. And what is the simplest form of exercise? Walking. “One of the best exercises for people is to walk. It’s an activity that people can get started easily, and it has the highest record for people being able to continue it. Often times we stop doing an exercise out of boredom, but walking is one of those exercises that you can do and have a high success rate,” Ühendriigid Dr. Painutatud. Walking for as little as 30 minutes a day can reduce your risk of coronary heart disease, improve your blood pressure and blood sugar levels, elevate your mood and reduce your risk of osteoporosis, vähk, ja diabeet.

After a heart patient has been cleared by their physician to begin physical activity, an exercise physiologist will design a safe and valid exercise prescription. Enamik südame rehabilitatsiooniprogramme keskendub 5-6 weeks of building up to a goal of 30 minutit päevas. Paljudel südamehaigetel on lonkamine, jalalihaste kramp. Nende isikute jaoks, soovitame kõndida nii kaugele, kui nad taluvad, peatus, istu maha ja puhka, ja, kui taastunud, tee seda uuesti. For a more detailed breakdown of what exercises and training would be recommended, klõpsake allolevat nuppu.

Communicate with your heart team

The doctor visits after a cardiac event are when caregivers can help their loved one either remember the questions they have about returning to work, eating, or activity. Caregiver, you should also prepare your own list of questions for the physician or care providers. It’s perfectly acceptable for you to share any concerns or changes you have observed in your loved one since their last visit. Your loved one may rely on you to help them recall points made during their appointment or discuss the treatment plan offered by the cardiologist.


It is important that heart patients adhere to medication regimens and as their doctor any questions. Capital Cardiology Associates offers Heart to Heart consultations, one-on-one meetings with a clinical pharmacist, dr. Kate Cabral. dr. Cabral can help your loved one remember to take medication by creating simple routines like a reminder on their phone or using a pill organizer. Heart patients and their caretakers can also use this time to ask questions on their medication if their pills are safe to take with over the counter supplements or learn about possible side effects. To make an appointment ask your doctor or call 518-292-6004.

Our patient portal offers you a way to stay connected with your loved one’s physician and care team without having to make a phone call. Internetiühendusega, siis on virtuaalne juurdepääs oma kardioloog ja meie südame meeskond, kes saab vastata küsimustele oma meditsiinilisi andmeid ja retseptide kaudu turvaline sõnumivahetus platvorm.

A telehealth appointment is just like a regular appointment. Instead of visiting face-to-face, we use video cameras and monitors to connect, see tähendab, et vajaliku hoolduse saamiseks ei pea te reisima. You will be able to see, hear, and talk to a cardiologist, advanced care provider, or cardiac specialist at our location through video-conferencing, allowing you to be at a medical facility, your home, or another location.

Care for yourself

Ameerika Südameassotsiatsiooni andmetel, caregivers have a higher risk for health and emotional problems. That’s because caregivers are less likely to focus on their own health by eating a healthy diet, being physically active, and addressing physical and emotional problems. Make sure that you are taking quality time for sa. When you are overwhelmed or need help, there are resources!

Palliative care is a team assembled depending on your loved one’s needs, asukoht, ja olukord. “Ilus asi palliatiivhooldust on, et see ei ole ainult ühe töötaja isiku või pakkuja. See on hämmastav ühendada õde praktik, physician assistant, või registreeritud õde ja ka sotsiaaltöötaja,” notes Catherine Markey, Sotsiaaltöötaja. Palliatiivse meeskond välimus kaugemale diagnoosi abi patsientidel elada oma parima elu elades oma haiguse. dr. George Giokas is the chief medical officer of St. Peter tervis Partnerid (SPHP) palliatiivhooldust majaühendusliini. “See on haruldane, et meil ravida vaid üks tingimus, nagu südamehaigused. Patsientidel on sageli kerge element emfüseemi, KOK, diabeet, või artriit. Kuna meeskond, me töötame koos pakkuja raviks kõik patsiendi probleemid.”

The American Heart Association has an excellent online support page for caregivers. Use the link below to find free support from other caregivers, read the stories of survivors, and share emotional support with others that have a loved one with a heart condition or stroke.